The narrow-gauge Bernina Express offers a
spectacular means of crossing the Alps. The route runs through the ancient
landscape of Switzerland's beautiful Grisons/Graubünden region and
provides essential links to the Italian-speaking population in the
south of the country.
Beginning in Chur, the oldest town in Switzerland, the route
travels south along 76 miles of track, through 55 tunnels and 196
bridges including the spectacular Landwasser Viaduct. The railway
meanders past glaciers, an alpine garden and rushing mountain
streams, passes through the 5,955 foot long Albula Tunnel and
climbs over the Bernina Pass at 6,669 feet (2,134m) before crossing
the Italian border to arrive in the village of Tirano.
Having first run trains in 1910, it took just four years to
build the Bernina Line and even in today's hi-tech age it is
regarded as a shining example of the civil engineer's art. The line
was classed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2008 in
recognition of the incredible engineering and the stunning beauty
the line offers.